Fall Prevention

Aging at Home & Fall Prevention

    The strain on public resources for healthcare is going to continue to climb significantly. In an effort by government to cut healthcare costs, we’re already seeing: reduced time spent in hospital, fewer public LTC beds available, and more expensive private Assisted Living/Retirement facilities. Aging at home is quickly becoming the only option for many. More often than not, the primary caregiver is a family member. By staying healthy and active, that aging consumer will have fewer doctor/hospital visits, which will lead to a reduced strain on the healthcare system.


    Falls is the leading cause of injury related visits to emergency rooms across Canada. The fastest growing group represents 12.6% of the population. 35-40% of adults 65+ in good health fall at least once per year. Falls is the primary cause of deaths in people over the age of 65. In people 65+, falls are cause of death in 75% of incidences. Falls are also the second leading cause of spinal cord and brain injury in the older population.


    Fracture is the most serious injury associated with falls. 87% of falls result in a fracture for people over the age of 65. Common fractures: Hip, Pelvis, Spine, Hand, and Wrist.

Hip Fractures

    Hip fractures likely to require 10 day to 2 weeks hospitalization. It affects personal independence. It results in admittance to rehab facility or nursing home. 50% of people who suffer from hip fracture can no longer live independently while 25% die within 6 months of the injury.

Things You Need To Know

    Aging often causes changes in: Vision, Hearing, Reflexes, Coordination, and Strength • Progression of chronic illnesses: – Diabetes – Heart disease – Arthritis • Acute events: – Heart attack – Stroke.

Four Things You Can Do To Prevent Falls:

 While changes in eyesight and hearing often cannot be stopped, nor a heart attack or stroke foreseen, there are measures that can be taken to help prevent falls.

1. Begin a regular exercise program  

Exercise Programs

  • Makes you stronger & feel better
  • Improves balance
  • Improves co-ordination
Lack of exercise leads to weakness, increasing the chance for falls.


2. Review Your Medicines

    Always check with your pharmacist/doctor. As we age, the way medicine works in our bodies changes. Some medicines or combinations of medicines can cause fatigue or dizziness.


3. Have your vision checked

  • Conditions like glaucoma or cataracts can limit your vision.
  • Poor vision increases the chances of falling.

 4. Make your home safer

50%of all falls happen at home 

  • Remove things you can trip over from stairs and places where you walk (like books, clothes & shoes) 
  • Remove small throw rugs or use double sided tape to keep the rugs from slipping
  • Keep items you use often in cabinets you can reach easily without using a step stool
  • Improve the lighting in your home
  • Hang light weight curtains or shades to reduce glare
  • Wear shoes both inside and outside the house – avoid going barefoot or wearing slippers

Famous Fallers

     Britain's Queen Mother suffered a slight fall and cut her arm.

Assistive Devices that Help to Prevent Falls:

Transfer DevicesWalkersRaised Toilet SeatsToilet Safety Frames, Grab BarsTub Bars, Shower Chairs, Bath Lifts

How to measure for a walker or a rollator

Measure the handle height
To measure for handle height,
start by standing straight up
with your shoes on. Bend your
arm to approximately a 20˚
to 30˚angle. Have someone
measure from the crease of
your wrist to the ground. This
measurement should be the
approximate height of the

Measure the seat height
Sit in a chair that you are comfortable
in and from which you
can easily rise from. Measure
the floor to seat height and this
will give you an approximate
seat height in a rollator.
Measure your doorways
Find the smallest place you will
need to fit through. Most often,
that is a doorway or hallway.
Ensure that your rollator’s
overall width will go through
this space. A rollator that can
partially fold while walking may
also be used for those smaller

How do I choose the right rollator?

Consider the following before purchasing a rollator:
1. Which rollator should I use?
There are rollators that are good for every environment and others more suited for just indoor use. If using
your rollator outside or on uneven surfaces, choose a rollator with large and stable wheels. If you mostly use
it indoors, smaller wheels ensure walking is smooth. If you frequently transport it, think about weight and
folding possibilities.
2. What size should it be?
The seat should feel roomy with sufficient distance between the handles so you do not have to squeeze into the
seat. Make sure the width of the rollator fits through your doorways. A rollator that can partially fold while walking
is ideal for narrow doorways. Your feet should rest comfortably on the ground when you sit down on your rollator.
3. How do I choose the right handle?
With weak or painful hands or wrists, anatomically shaped handles will spread the weight over a wider area of
the palm thus reducing stress and making the use of the brake much easier.
4. How do I set the correct handle height?
When you stand straight, the handles should meet your wrist and arms should be slightly bent at the elbows
(about 20 to 30 degree angle).
5. What wheels are appropriate?
Larger wheels facilitate walking on uneven ground while small wheels are better for indoor use.
7. What accessories do I need?
We offer a wide assortment of accessories to make your rollator individually yours! From deep baskets that
are ideal for your groceries, to soft bags that can be left on the rollator while it is partially folded, to cane holders
and trays – all our accessories will make your day to day outings easier and more enjoyable!